Dopamine, the pleasure hormone

Dopamine is more effective than dobutamine in the short term treatment. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter and hormone involved in pleasure, motivation, and various body movements. It is majorly involved in forming our habits and ultimately shaping our daily lives.

It is also manufactured artificially and injected for the treatment of heart problems and high blood pressure. 

What is dobutamine

Another term  Dobutamine often confused with the term dopamine, is a synthetic drug used to treat potentially reversible heart failure and stress testing for artery-related diseases in hospitals. 

Dopamine makes you happy

Dopamine is also called the “Pleasure hormone” as it is considered responsible for happiness and joy. It is produced in the brain as a result of certain activities that you mostly call your favorite things to do.

These may include book reading, watching movies, painting, eating and exercising, etc.

Dopamine is produced in the hypothalamus, one of the most important parts of your brain. Whenever you are engaged in a rewarding activity, there is a dopamine rush in your brain that makes you feel joyful and excited. Your body enjoys this feeling and craves more. You do more of it and the cycle continues.

For example, it can be the delicious aroma of the food you smell while waiting for your food order in a restaurant that makes you happy and hungry. Cherishing that food releases dopamine in your brain and you crave these food hangouts again and again.

Beware of addictions

This “sense of joy” is good but to an extent. Moderate levels of dopamine make you feel motivated, focused, and satisfied but over and under-secretion of it cause various mental or physical problems.

Addictions are based on constant dopamine release from various activities, drug and substance addiction being the worst case of it. It gives a sense of escape from worldly affairs and problems that is caused by high levels of dopamine, dopamine surge.  

Shopping and dopamine

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter in the brain that is associated with pleasure, and it is often linked to addiction. Shopping, whether online or in person, can lead to an overconsumption of goods and services due to the associated rush of dopamine.

When shopping, dopamine is released in the brain, which triggers the reward and pleasure centers. This rush of pleasure encourages people to keep shopping, and it can be difficult to stop. Shopping can be an addiction because of the dopamine rush associated with it.

Food and dopamine

Food is an essential part of life. We need it to survive and it can be very enjoyable when eaten in moderation. But did you know that certain types of food may also have an effect on your dopamine levels?

The pleasure we get from eating is related to the release of dopamine in the brain. When we eat, dopamine is released in the reward pathways of the brain, which can give us a feeling of pleasure. This is especially true for certain types of food, such as those high in fat and sugar.

Alcohol and dopamine

Alcohol and dopamine are closely linked, with both playing an important role in the brain’s reward system. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that is released when the brain experiences pleasure and is involved in the regulation of emotions, motivation, and reward-seeking behavior.

When alcohol is consumed, it triggers the release of dopamine in the brain, resulting in feelings of pleasure, reward, relaxation and it activates the same pathways in the brain that are responsible for reinforcing other pleasurable activities such as eating and sex.

This is why drinking can become a habit and why it can be difficult to quit.

It’s more than just a neurotransmitter

Dopamine is one of the chemical messengers in our bodies. It coordinates thought process, motor functions, body movements, mood, lactation and focused learning.

Dopamine plays a role in the “Fight or Flight situation” too by pairing up with other stress hormones during emergency situations by lowering gut movement, lower insulin production, vessel constriction or expansion and increased urine production to remove salt from the body.

Why is dopamine over or under-produced sometimes

Dopamine levels in the body are affected by poor lifestyle choices like lack of physical activities, eating too many sugary foods, and use of addictive substances. A poor sleep schedule also disturbs dopamine levels in the body. 

Over-production of dopamine 

When dopamine is produced in excess , the body feels energized and active all the time and this may lead to symptoms such as lack of sleep, aggressiveness, high libido, euphoria and restlessness.

Extreme high levels of dopamine result in diseases as mania, addictions and obesity.

If you feel any of the above symptoms are hindering daily life, you should seek your health care provider immediately for medical assistance. 

Underproduction of dopamine 

Various factors may result in poor production of dopamine that may cause symptoms such as low sexual drive/libido, low motivation, momory loss, abrupt mood changes and slackness.

Many diseases may result from this underproduction of dopamine from the brain like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), parkinson’s and restless leg syndrome.

Final thoughts

Dopamine level causes any disease or dopamine fluctuation is caused by diseases, is still a matter of debate and research. Dopamine is produced inside our brain naturally and contributes to various functioning but it is also a prescription drug for treating low blood pressure and poor cardiac output. 

I hope you found this article useful and interesting and if you want to know more about dopamine or other topics such as depression you can read them in our blog.

About the author

I am a Girl, that wants to live a Simple Life, and I am in a search of the recipe for happiness.  I invite you to join me on this journey! It will be an exciting adventure in which we will look for the simplicity of life, joy in everyday things, and free time outside the usual hustle and bustle.

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